author  wenzelm 
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permissions  rwrr 
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(* Title: Provers/classical.ML 
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Author: Lawrence C Paulson, Cambridge University Computer Laboratory 

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Theorem prover for classical reasoning, including predicate calculus, set 

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theory, etc. 

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Rules must be classified as intro, elim, safe, hazardous (unsafe). 
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A rule is unsafe unless it can be applied blindly without harmful results. 

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For a rule to be safe, its premises and conclusion should be logically 

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equivalent. There should be no variables in the premises that are not in 

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the conclusion. 

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*) 

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(*higher precedence than := facilitates use of references*) 
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infix 4 addSIs addSEs addSDs addIs addEs addDs delrules 
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addSWrapper delSWrapper addWrapper delWrapper 
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addSbefore addSafter addbefore addafter 
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addD2 addE2 addSD2 addSE2; 
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signature CLASSICAL_DATA = 
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sig 
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val imp_elim: thm (* P > Q ==> (~ R ==> P) ==> (Q ==> R) ==> R *) 
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val not_elim: thm (* ~P ==> P ==> R *) 

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val swap: thm (* ~ P ==> (~ R ==> P) ==> R *) 

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val classical: thm (* (~ P ==> P) ==> P *) 

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val sizef: thm > int (* size function for BEST_FIRST *) 

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val hyp_subst_tacs: (int > tactic) list 
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end; 
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signature BASIC_CLASSICAL = 
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sig 
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type wrapper = (int > tactic) > int > tactic 
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type claset 
42793  35 
val print_claset: Proof.context > unit 
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val addDs: Proof.context * thm list > Proof.context 

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val addEs: Proof.context * thm list > Proof.context 

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val addIs: Proof.context * thm list > Proof.context 

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val addSDs: Proof.context * thm list > Proof.context 

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val addSEs: Proof.context * thm list > Proof.context 

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val addSIs: Proof.context * thm list > Proof.context 

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val delrules: Proof.context * thm list > Proof.context 

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val addSWrapper: claset * (string * (Proof.context > wrapper)) > claset 

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val delSWrapper: claset * string > claset 
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val addWrapper: claset * (string * (Proof.context > wrapper)) > claset 
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val delWrapper: claset * string > claset 
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val addSbefore: claset * (string * (int > tactic)) > claset 

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val addSafter: claset * (string * (int > tactic)) > claset 

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val addbefore: claset * (string * (int > tactic)) > claset 

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val addafter: claset * (string * (int > tactic)) > claset 

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val addD2: claset * (string * thm) > claset 

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val addE2: claset * (string * thm) > claset 

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val addSD2: claset * (string * thm) > claset 

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val addSE2: claset * (string * thm) > claset 

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val appSWrappers: Proof.context > wrapper 
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val appWrappers: Proof.context > wrapper 

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val global_claset_of: theory > claset 
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val claset_of: Proof.context > claset 

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val map_claset: (claset > claset) > Proof.context > Proof.context 
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val put_claset: claset > Proof.context > Proof.context 

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val fast_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 
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val slow_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val astar_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val slow_astar_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val best_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val first_best_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val slow_best_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val depth_tac: Proof.context > int > int > tactic 

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val deepen_tac: Proof.context > int > int > tactic 

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val contr_tac: int > tactic 
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val dup_elim: thm > thm 

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val dup_intr: thm > thm 

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val dup_step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 
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val eq_mp_tac: int > tactic 
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val haz_step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 
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val joinrules: thm list * thm list > (bool * thm) list 
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val mp_tac: int > tactic 

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val safe_tac: Proof.context > tactic 
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val safe_steps_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val safe_step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val clarify_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val clarify_step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val slow_step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val swapify: thm list > thm list 
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val swap_res_tac: thm list > int > tactic 

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val inst_step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 
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val inst0_step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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val instp_step_tac: Proof.context > int > tactic 

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end; 
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signature CLASSICAL = 
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sig 

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include BASIC_CLASSICAL 

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val classical_rule: thm > thm 
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type netpair = (int * (bool * thm)) Net.net * (int * (bool * thm)) Net.net 
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val rep_cs: claset > 

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{safeIs: thm Item_Net.T, 

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safeEs: thm Item_Net.T, 

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hazIs: thm Item_Net.T, 

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hazEs: thm Item_Net.T, 

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swrappers: (string * (Proof.context > wrapper)) list, 

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uwrappers: (string * (Proof.context > wrapper)) list, 

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safe0_netpair: netpair, 

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safep_netpair: netpair, 

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haz_netpair: netpair, 

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dup_netpair: netpair, 

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xtra_netpair: Context_Rules.netpair} 

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val get_cs: Context.generic > claset 
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val map_cs: (claset > claset) > Context.generic > Context.generic 

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val safe_dest: int option > attribute 
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val safe_elim: int option > attribute 

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val safe_intro: int option > attribute 

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val haz_dest: int option > attribute 

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val haz_elim: int option > attribute 

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val haz_intro: int option > attribute 

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val rule_del: attribute 

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val cla_modifiers: Method.modifier parser list 
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val cla_method: 
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(Proof.context > tactic) > (Proof.context > Proof.method) context_parser 

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val cla_method': 

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(Proof.context > int > tactic) > (Proof.context > Proof.method) context_parser 

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val setup: theory > theory 
5841  127 
end; 
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functor Classical(Data: CLASSICAL_DATA): CLASSICAL = 
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struct 
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(** classical elimination rules **) 
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(* 
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Classical reasoning requires stronger elimination rules. For 
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instance, make_elim of Pure transforms the HOL rule injD into 
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[ inj f; f x = f y; x = y ==> PROP W ] ==> PROP W 
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Such rules can cause fast_tac to fail and blast_tac to report "PROOF 
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FAILED"; classical_rule will strenthen this to 
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[ inj f; ~ W ==> f x = f y; x = y ==> W ] ==> W 
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*) 
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fun classical_rule rule = 
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if is_some (Object_Logic.elim_concl rule) then 
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let 
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val rule' = rule RS Data.classical; 
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val concl' = Thm.concl_of rule'; 
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fun redundant_hyp goal = 
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concl' aconv Logic.strip_assums_concl goal orelse 
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(case Logic.strip_assums_hyp goal of 
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hyp :: hyps => exists (fn t => t aconv hyp) hyps 
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 _ => false); 
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val rule'' = 
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rule' > ALLGOALS (SUBGOAL (fn (goal, i) => 
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if i = 1 orelse redundant_hyp goal 
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then Tactic.etac thin_rl i 
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else all_tac)) 
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> Seq.hd 
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> Drule.zero_var_indexes; 
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in if Thm.equiv_thm (rule, rule'') then rule else rule'' end 
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else rule; 
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(*flatten nested meta connectives in prems*) 
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val flat_rule = Conv.fconv_rule (Conv.prems_conv ~1 Object_Logic.atomize_prems); 
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(*** Useful tactics for classical reasoning ***) 
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10736  173 
(*Prove goal that assumes both P and ~P. 
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No backtracking if it finds an equal assumption. Perhaps should call 
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ematch_tac instead of eresolve_tac, but then cannot prove ZF/cantor.*) 

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val contr_tac = 
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eresolve_tac [Data.not_elim] THEN' (eq_assume_tac ORELSE' assume_tac); 

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(*Finds P>Q and P in the assumptions, replaces implication by Q. 
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Could do the same thing for P<>Q and P... *) 
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fun mp_tac i = eresolve_tac [Data.not_elim, Data.imp_elim] i THEN assume_tac i; 
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(*Like mp_tac but instantiates no variables*) 

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fun eq_mp_tac i = ematch_tac [Data.not_elim, Data.imp_elim] i THEN eq_assume_tac i; 
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(*Creates rules to eliminate ~A, from rules to introduce A*) 

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fun swapify intrs = intrs RLN (2, [Data.swap]); 
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val swapped = Thm.rule_attribute (fn _ => fn th => th RSN (2, Data.swap)); 
0  189 

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(*Uses introduction rules in the normal way, or on negated assumptions, 

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trying rules in order. *) 

10736  192 
fun swap_res_tac rls = 
42792  193 
let fun addrl rl brls = (false, rl) :: (true, rl RSN (2, Data.swap)) :: brls in 
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assume_tac ORELSE' 

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contr_tac ORELSE' 

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biresolve_tac (fold_rev addrl rls []) 

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end; 

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(*Duplication of hazardous rules, for complete provers*) 
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fun dup_intr th = zero_var_indexes (th RS Data.classical); 
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fun dup_elim th = (* FIXME proper context!? *) 
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let 
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val rl = (th RSN (2, revcut_rl)) > Thm.assumption 2 > Seq.hd; 

42361  205 
val ctxt = Proof_Context.init_global (Thm.theory_of_thm rl); 
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in rule_by_tactic ctxt (TRYALL (etac revcut_rl)) rl end; 
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(**** Classical rule sets ****) 
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type netpair = (int * (bool * thm)) Net.net * (int * (bool * thm)) Net.net; 
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type wrapper = (int > tactic) > int > tactic; 

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0  214 
datatype claset = 
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CS of 
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{safeIs : thm Item_Net.T, (*safe introduction rules*) 
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safeEs : thm Item_Net.T, (*safe elimination rules*) 
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hazIs : thm Item_Net.T, (*unsafe introduction rules*) 
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hazEs : thm Item_Net.T, (*unsafe elimination rules*) 
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swrappers : (string * (Proof.context > wrapper)) list, (*for transforming safe_step_tac*) 
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uwrappers : (string * (Proof.context > wrapper)) list, (*for transforming step_tac*) 

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safe0_netpair : netpair, (*nets for trivial cases*) 

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safep_netpair : netpair, (*nets for >0 subgoals*) 

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haz_netpair : netpair, (*nets for unsafe rules*) 

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dup_netpair : netpair, (*nets for duplication*) 

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xtra_netpair : Context_Rules.netpair}; (*nets for extra rules*) 

0  227 

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(*Desired invariants are 
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safe0_netpair = build safe0_brls, 
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safep_netpair = build safep_brls, 

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haz_netpair = build (joinrules(hazIs, hazEs)), 

10736  232 
dup_netpair = build (joinrules(map dup_intr hazIs, 
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map dup_elim hazEs)) 
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where build = build_netpair(Net.empty,Net.empty), 
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safe0_brls contains all brules that solve the subgoal, and 
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safep_brls contains all brules that generate 1 or more new subgoals. 
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The theorem lists are largely comments, though they are used in merge_cs and print_cs. 
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Nets must be built incrementally, to save space and time. 
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*) 
0  241 

6502  242 
val empty_netpair = (Net.empty, Net.empty); 
243 

10736  244 
val empty_cs = 
42793  245 
CS 
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{safeIs = Thm.full_rules, 
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safeEs = Thm.full_rules, 
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hazIs = Thm.full_rules, 
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hazEs = Thm.full_rules, 
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swrappers = [], 
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uwrappers = [], 

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safe0_netpair = empty_netpair, 

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safep_netpair = empty_netpair, 

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haz_netpair = empty_netpair, 

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dup_netpair = empty_netpair, 

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xtra_netpair = empty_netpair}; 

0  257 

4653  258 
fun rep_cs (CS args) = args; 
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1800  261 
(*** Adding (un)safe introduction or elimination rules. 
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In case of overlap, new rules are tried BEFORE old ones!! 
1800  264 
***) 
0  265 

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(*For use with biresolve_tac. Combines intro rules with swap to handle negated 
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assumptions. Pairs elim rules with true. *) 
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fun joinrules (intrs, elims) = 
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269 
(map (pair true) (elims @ swapify intrs)) @ map (pair false) intrs; 
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270 

12401  271 
fun joinrules' (intrs, elims) = 
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map (pair true) elims @ map (pair false) intrs; 
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273 

10736  274 
(*Priority: prefer rules with fewest subgoals, 
1231  275 
then rules added most recently (preferring the head of the list).*) 
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276 
fun tag_brls k [] = [] 
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277 
 tag_brls k (brl::brls) = 
10736  278 
(1000000*subgoals_of_brl brl + k, brl) :: 
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279 
tag_brls (k+1) brls; 
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280 

12401  281 
fun tag_brls' _ _ [] = [] 
282 
 tag_brls' w k (brl::brls) = ((w, k), brl) :: tag_brls' w (k + 1) brls; 

10736  283 

23178  284 
fun insert_tagged_list rls = fold_rev Tactic.insert_tagged_brl rls; 
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285 

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286 
(*Insert into netpair that already has nI intr rules and nE elim rules. 
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287 
Count the intr rules double (to account for swapify). Negate to give the 
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288 
new insertions the lowest priority.*) 
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289 
fun insert (nI, nE) = insert_tagged_list o (tag_brls (~(2*nI+nE))) o joinrules; 
12401  290 
fun insert' w (nI, nE) = insert_tagged_list o tag_brls' w (~(nI + nE)) o joinrules'; 
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291 

23178  292 
fun delete_tagged_list rls = fold_rev Tactic.delete_tagged_brl rls; 
12362  293 
fun delete x = delete_tagged_list (joinrules x); 
12401  294 
fun delete' x = delete_tagged_list (joinrules' x); 
1800  295 

42793  296 
fun string_of_thm NONE = Display.string_of_thm_without_context 
42817  297 
 string_of_thm (SOME context) = Display.string_of_thm (Context.proof_of context); 
42793  298 

299 
fun make_elim context th = 

300 
if has_fewer_prems 1 th then 

301 
error ("Illformed destruction rule\n" ^ string_of_thm context th) 

302 
else Tactic.make_elim th; 

42790  303 

46874  304 
fun warn_thm opt_context msg th = 
305 
if (case opt_context of SOME context => Context_Position.is_visible_proof context  NONE => false) 

306 
then warning (msg ^ string_of_thm opt_context th) 

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307 
else (); 
42793  308 

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309 
fun warn_rules context msg rules th = 
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310 
Item_Net.member rules th andalso (warn_thm context msg th; true); 
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311 

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312 
fun warn_claset context th (CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, ...}) = 
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313 
warn_rules context "Rule already declared as safe introduction (intro!)\n" safeIs th orelse 
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314 
warn_rules context "Rule already declared as safe elimination (elim!)\n" safeEs th orelse 
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315 
warn_rules context "Rule already declared as introduction (intro)\n" hazIs th orelse 
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316 
warn_rules context "Rule already declared as elimination (elim)\n" hazEs th; 
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317 

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318 

1800  319 
(*** Safe rules ***) 
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320 

42793  321 
fun addSI w context th 
42790  322 
(cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 
323 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

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324 
if warn_rules context "Ignoring duplicate safe introduction (intro!)\n" safeIs th then cs 
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325 
else 
42790  326 
let 
327 
val th' = flat_rule th; 

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328 
val (safe0_rls, safep_rls) = (*0 subgoals vs 1 or more*) 
42790  329 
List.partition Thm.no_prems [th']; 
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330 
val nI = Item_Net.length safeIs + 1; 
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331 
val nE = Item_Net.length safeEs; 
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332 
val _ = warn_claset context th cs; 
42790  333 
in 
334 
CS 

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335 
{safeIs = Item_Net.update th safeIs, 
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336 
safe0_netpair = insert (nI,nE) (safe0_rls, []) safe0_netpair, 
9938  337 
safep_netpair = insert (nI,nE) (safep_rls, []) safep_netpair, 
42790  338 
safeEs = safeEs, 
339 
hazIs = hazIs, 

340 
hazEs = hazEs, 

341 
swrappers = swrappers, 

342 
uwrappers = uwrappers, 

343 
haz_netpair = haz_netpair, 

344 
dup_netpair = dup_netpair, 

18691  345 
xtra_netpair = insert' (the_default 0 w) (nI,nE) ([th], []) xtra_netpair} 
42790  346 
end; 
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347 

42793  348 
fun addSE w context th 
42790  349 
(cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 
350 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

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351 
if warn_rules context "Ignoring duplicate safe elimination (elim!)\n" safeEs th then cs 
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352 
else if has_fewer_prems 1 th then 
42793  353 
error ("Illformed elimination rule\n" ^ string_of_thm context th) 
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changeset

354 
else 
42790  355 
let 
356 
val th' = classical_rule (flat_rule th); 

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357 
val (safe0_rls, safep_rls) = (*0 subgoals vs 1 or more*) 
42790  358 
List.partition (fn rl => nprems_of rl=1) [th']; 
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359 
val nI = Item_Net.length safeIs; 
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360 
val nE = Item_Net.length safeEs + 1; 
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361 
val _ = warn_claset context th cs; 
42790  362 
in 
363 
CS 

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364 
{safeEs = Item_Net.update th safeEs, 
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365 
safe0_netpair = insert (nI,nE) ([], safe0_rls) safe0_netpair, 
9938  366 
safep_netpair = insert (nI,nE) ([], safep_rls) safep_netpair, 
42790  367 
safeIs = safeIs, 
368 
hazIs = hazIs, 

369 
hazEs = hazEs, 

370 
swrappers = swrappers, 

371 
uwrappers = uwrappers, 

372 
haz_netpair = haz_netpair, 

373 
dup_netpair = dup_netpair, 

18691  374 
xtra_netpair = insert' (the_default 0 w) (nI,nE) ([], [th]) xtra_netpair} 
42790  375 
end; 
0  376 

42793  377 
fun addSD w context th = addSE w context (make_elim context th); 
378 

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379 

1800  380 
(*** Hazardous (unsafe) rules ***) 
0  381 

42793  382 
fun addI w context th 
42790  383 
(cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 
384 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

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385 
if warn_rules context "Ignoring duplicate introduction (intro)\n" hazIs th then cs 
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changeset

386 
else 
42790  387 
let 
388 
val th' = flat_rule th; 

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389 
val nI = Item_Net.length hazIs + 1; 
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changeset

390 
val nE = Item_Net.length hazEs; 
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391 
val _ = warn_claset context th cs; 
42790  392 
in 
393 
CS 

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394 
{hazIs = Item_Net.update th hazIs, 
42790  395 
haz_netpair = insert (nI, nE) ([th'], []) haz_netpair, 
396 
dup_netpair = insert (nI, nE) ([dup_intr th'], []) dup_netpair, 

397 
safeIs = safeIs, 

398 
safeEs = safeEs, 

399 
hazEs = hazEs, 

400 
swrappers = swrappers, 

401 
uwrappers = uwrappers, 

9938  402 
safe0_netpair = safe0_netpair, 
403 
safep_netpair = safep_netpair, 

42790  404 
xtra_netpair = insert' (the_default 1 w) (nI, nE) ([th], []) xtra_netpair} 
405 
end 

406 
handle THM ("RSN: no unifiers", _, _) => (*from dup_intr*) (* FIXME !? *) 

42793  407 
error ("Illformed introduction rule\n" ^ string_of_thm context th); 
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changeset

408 

42793  409 
fun addE w context th 
42790  410 
(cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 
411 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

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changeset

412 
if warn_rules context "Ignoring duplicate elimination (elim)\n" hazEs th then cs 
18557
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Provers/classical: stricter checks to ensure that supplied intro, dest and
paulson
parents:
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diff
changeset

413 
else if has_fewer_prems 1 th then 
42793  414 
error ("Illformed elimination rule\n" ^ string_of_thm context th) 
1927
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New classical reasoner: warns of, and ignores, redundant rules.
paulson
parents:
1814
diff
changeset

415 
else 
42790  416 
let 
417 
val th' = classical_rule (flat_rule th); 

42810
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changeset

418 
val nI = Item_Net.length hazIs; 
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changeset

419 
val nE = Item_Net.length hazEs + 1; 
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changeset

420 
val _ = warn_claset context th cs; 
42790  421 
in 
422 
CS 

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changeset

423 
{hazEs = Item_Net.update th hazEs, 
42790  424 
haz_netpair = insert (nI, nE) ([], [th']) haz_netpair, 
425 
dup_netpair = insert (nI, nE) ([], [dup_elim th']) dup_netpair, 

426 
safeIs = safeIs, 

427 
safeEs = safeEs, 

428 
hazIs = hazIs, 

429 
swrappers = swrappers, 

430 
uwrappers = uwrappers, 

9938  431 
safe0_netpair = safe0_netpair, 
432 
safep_netpair = safep_netpair, 

42790  433 
xtra_netpair = insert' (the_default 1 w) (nI, nE) ([], [th]) xtra_netpair} 
434 
end; 

0  435 

42793  436 
fun addD w context th = addE w context (make_elim context th); 
437 

0  438 

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changeset

439 

10736  440 
(*** Deletion of rules 
1800  441 
Working out what to delete, requires repeating much of the code used 
9938  442 
to insert. 
1800  443 
***) 
444 

10736  445 
fun delSI th 
42790  446 
(cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 
447 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

42810
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wenzelm
parents:
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diff
changeset

448 
if Item_Net.member safeIs th then 
18534
6799b38ed872
added classical_rule, which replaces Data.make_elim;
wenzelm
parents:
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diff
changeset

449 
let 
42790  450 
val th' = flat_rule th; 
451 
val (safe0_rls, safep_rls) = List.partition Thm.no_prems [th']; 

452 
in 

453 
CS 

454 
{safe0_netpair = delete (safe0_rls, []) safe0_netpair, 

455 
safep_netpair = delete (safep_rls, []) safep_netpair, 

42810
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diff
changeset

456 
safeIs = Item_Net.remove th safeIs, 
42790  457 
safeEs = safeEs, 
458 
hazIs = hazIs, 

459 
hazEs = hazEs, 

460 
swrappers = swrappers, 

461 
uwrappers = uwrappers, 

462 
haz_netpair = haz_netpair, 

463 
dup_netpair = dup_netpair, 

464 
xtra_netpair = delete' ([th], []) xtra_netpair} 

18534
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added classical_rule, which replaces Data.make_elim;
wenzelm
parents:
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diff
changeset

465 
end 
6799b38ed872
added classical_rule, which replaces Data.make_elim;
wenzelm
parents:
18374
diff
changeset

466 
else cs; 
1800  467 

42790  468 
fun delSE th 
469 
(cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 

470 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

42810
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slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
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parents:
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diff
changeset

471 
if Item_Net.member safeEs th then 
42790  472 
let 
473 
val th' = classical_rule (flat_rule th); 

474 
val (safe0_rls, safep_rls) = List.partition (fn rl => nprems_of rl = 1) [th']; 

475 
in 

476 
CS 

477 
{safe0_netpair = delete ([], safe0_rls) safe0_netpair, 

478 
safep_netpair = delete ([], safep_rls) safep_netpair, 

479 
safeIs = safeIs, 

42810
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parents:
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diff
changeset

480 
safeEs = Item_Net.remove th safeEs, 
42790  481 
hazIs = hazIs, 
482 
hazEs = hazEs, 

483 
swrappers = swrappers, 

484 
uwrappers = uwrappers, 

485 
haz_netpair = haz_netpair, 

486 
dup_netpair = dup_netpair, 

487 
xtra_netpair = delete' ([], [th]) xtra_netpair} 

488 
end 

489 
else cs; 

1800  490 

42793  491 
fun delI context th 
42790  492 
(cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 
493 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

42810
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parents:
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diff
changeset

494 
if Item_Net.member hazIs th then 
42790  495 
let val th' = flat_rule th in 
496 
CS 

497 
{haz_netpair = delete ([th'], []) haz_netpair, 

23594
e65e466dda01
renamed ObjectLogic.atomize_tac to ObjectLogic.atomize_prems_tac;
wenzelm
parents:
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diff
changeset

498 
dup_netpair = delete ([dup_intr th'], []) dup_netpair, 
42790  499 
safeIs = safeIs, 
500 
safeEs = safeEs, 

42810
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parents:
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diff
changeset

501 
hazIs = Item_Net.remove th hazIs, 
42790  502 
hazEs = hazEs, 
503 
swrappers = swrappers, 

504 
uwrappers = uwrappers, 

9938  505 
safe0_netpair = safe0_netpair, 
506 
safep_netpair = safep_netpair, 

12401  507 
xtra_netpair = delete' ([th], []) xtra_netpair} 
23594
e65e466dda01
renamed ObjectLogic.atomize_tac to ObjectLogic.atomize_prems_tac;
wenzelm
parents:
23178
diff
changeset

508 
end 
42790  509 
else cs 
510 
handle THM ("RSN: no unifiers", _, _) => (*from dup_intr*) (* FIXME !? *) 

42793  511 
error ("Illformed introduction rule\n" ^ string_of_thm context th); 
1800  512 

2813
cc4c816dafdc
delrules now deletes ALL occurrences of a rule, since it may appear in any of
paulson
parents:
2689
diff
changeset

513 
fun delE th 
42790  514 
(cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 
515 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

42810
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slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

516 
if Item_Net.member hazEs th then 
42790  517 
let val th' = classical_rule (flat_rule th) in 
518 
CS 

519 
{haz_netpair = delete ([], [th']) haz_netpair, 

18534
6799b38ed872
added classical_rule, which replaces Data.make_elim;
wenzelm
parents:
18374
diff
changeset

520 
dup_netpair = delete ([], [dup_elim th']) dup_netpair, 
42790  521 
safeIs = safeIs, 
522 
safeEs = safeEs, 

523 
hazIs = hazIs, 

42810
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slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

524 
hazEs = Item_Net.remove th hazEs, 
42790  525 
swrappers = swrappers, 
526 
uwrappers = uwrappers, 

9938  527 
safe0_netpair = safe0_netpair, 
528 
safep_netpair = safep_netpair, 

12401  529 
xtra_netpair = delete' ([], [th]) xtra_netpair} 
42790  530 
end 
531 
else cs; 

1800  532 

2813
cc4c816dafdc
delrules now deletes ALL occurrences of a rule, since it may appear in any of
paulson
parents:
2689
diff
changeset

533 
(*Delete ALL occurrences of "th" in the claset (perhaps from several lists)*) 
42793  534 
fun delrule context th (cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, ...}) = 
535 
let val th' = Tactic.make_elim th in 

42810
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

536 
if Item_Net.member safeIs th orelse Item_Net.member safeEs th orelse 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

537 
Item_Net.member hazIs th orelse Item_Net.member hazEs th orelse 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

538 
Item_Net.member safeEs th' orelse Item_Net.member hazEs th' 
42793  539 
then delSI th (delSE th (delI context th (delE th (delSE th' (delE th' cs))))) 
42807
e639d91d9073
more precise warnings: observe context visibility;
wenzelm
parents:
42799
diff
changeset

540 
else (warn_thm context "Undeclared classical rule\n" th; cs) 
9938  541 
end; 
1800  542 

543 

42793  544 

545 
(** claset data **) 

42790  546 

42793  547 
(* wrappers *) 
42790  548 

22674  549 
fun map_swrappers f 
550 
(CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 

551 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 

552 
CS {safeIs = safeIs, safeEs = safeEs, hazIs = hazIs, hazEs = hazEs, 

4767
b9f3468c6ee2
introduced functions for updating the wrapper lists
oheimb
parents:
4765
diff
changeset

553 
swrappers = f swrappers, uwrappers = uwrappers, 
b9f3468c6ee2
introduced functions for updating the wrapper lists
oheimb
parents:
4765
diff
changeset

554 
safe0_netpair = safe0_netpair, safep_netpair = safep_netpair, 
6955  555 
haz_netpair = haz_netpair, dup_netpair = dup_netpair, xtra_netpair = xtra_netpair}; 
4767
b9f3468c6ee2
introduced functions for updating the wrapper lists
oheimb
parents:
4765
diff
changeset

556 

22674  557 
fun map_uwrappers f 
42793  558 
(CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, 
22674  559 
safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, haz_netpair, dup_netpair, xtra_netpair}) = 
560 
CS {safeIs = safeIs, safeEs = safeEs, hazIs = hazIs, hazEs = hazEs, 

4767
b9f3468c6ee2
introduced functions for updating the wrapper lists
oheimb
parents:
4765
diff
changeset

561 
swrappers = swrappers, uwrappers = f uwrappers, 
b9f3468c6ee2
introduced functions for updating the wrapper lists
oheimb
parents:
4765
diff
changeset

562 
safe0_netpair = safe0_netpair, safep_netpair = safep_netpair, 
6955  563 
haz_netpair = haz_netpair, dup_netpair = dup_netpair, xtra_netpair = xtra_netpair}; 
4767
b9f3468c6ee2
introduced functions for updating the wrapper lists
oheimb
parents:
4765
diff
changeset

564 

22674  565 

42793  566 
(* merge_cs *) 
982
4fe0b642b7d5
Addition of wrappers for integration with the simplifier.
lcp
parents:
747
diff
changeset

567 

42810
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

568 
(*Merge works by adding all new rules of the 2nd claset into the 1st claset, 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

569 
in order to preserve priorities reliably.*) 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

570 

2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

571 
fun merge_thms add thms1 thms2 = 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

572 
fold_rev (fn thm => if Item_Net.member thms1 thm then I else add thm) (Item_Net.content thms2); 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

573 

22674  574 
fun merge_cs (cs as CS {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, ...}, 
24358  575 
cs' as CS {safeIs = safeIs2, safeEs = safeEs2, hazIs = hazIs2, hazEs = hazEs2, 
22674  576 
swrappers, uwrappers, ...}) = 
24358  577 
if pointer_eq (cs, cs') then cs 
578 
else 

42810
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

579 
cs 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

580 
> merge_thms (addSI NONE NONE) safeIs safeIs2 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

581 
> merge_thms (addSE NONE NONE) safeEs safeEs2 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

582 
> merge_thms (addI NONE NONE) hazIs hazIs2 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

583 
> merge_thms (addE NONE NONE) hazEs hazEs2 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

584 
> map_swrappers (fn ws => AList.merge (op =) (K true) (ws, swrappers)) 
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

585 
> map_uwrappers (fn ws => AList.merge (op =) (K true) (ws, uwrappers)); 
42793  586 

587 

588 
(* data *) 

589 

590 
structure Claset = Generic_Data 

591 
( 

592 
type T = claset; 

593 
val empty = empty_cs; 

594 
val extend = I; 

595 
val merge = merge_cs; 

596 
); 

597 

598 
val global_claset_of = Claset.get o Context.Theory; 

599 
val claset_of = Claset.get o Context.Proof; 

600 
val rep_claset_of = rep_cs o claset_of; 

601 

602 
val get_cs = Claset.get; 

603 
val map_cs = Claset.map; 

604 

605 
fun map_claset f = Context.proof_map (map_cs f); 

606 
fun put_claset cs = map_claset (K cs); 

607 

608 
fun print_claset ctxt = 

609 
let 

610 
val {safeIs, safeEs, hazIs, hazEs, swrappers, uwrappers, ...} = rep_claset_of ctxt; 

42810
2425068fe13a
slightly more efficient claset operations, using Item_Net to maintain rules in canonical order;
wenzelm
parents:
42807
diff
changeset

611 
val pretty_thms = map (Display.pretty_thm ctxt) o Item_Net.content; 
42793  612 
in 
613 
[Pretty.big_list "safe introduction rules (intro!):" (pretty_thms safeIs), 

614 
Pretty.big_list "introduction rules (intro):" (pretty_thms hazIs), 

615 
Pretty.big_list "safe elimination rules (elim!):" (pretty_thms safeEs), 

616 
Pretty.big_list "elimination rules (elim):" (pretty_thms hazEs), 

617 
Pretty.strs ("safe wrappers:" :: map #1 swrappers), 

618 
Pretty.strs ("unsafe wrappers:" :: map #1 uwrappers)] 

619 
> Pretty.chunks > Pretty.writeln 

620 
end; 

621 

622 

623 
(* oldstyle declarations *) 

624 

625 
fun decl f (ctxt, ths) = map_claset (fold_rev (f (SOME (Context.Proof ctxt))) ths) ctxt; 

626 

627 
val op addSIs = decl (addSI NONE); 

628 
val op addSEs = decl (addSE NONE); 

629 
val op addSDs = decl (addSD NONE); 

630 
val op addIs = decl (addI NONE); 

631 
val op addEs = decl (addE NONE); 

632 
val op addDs = decl (addD NONE); 

633 
val op delrules = decl delrule; 

634 

635 

636 

637 
(*** Modifying the wrapper tacticals ***) 

638 

639 
fun appSWrappers ctxt = fold (fn (_, w) => w ctxt) (#swrappers (rep_claset_of ctxt)); 

640 
fun appWrappers ctxt = fold (fn (_, w) => w ctxt) (#uwrappers (rep_claset_of ctxt)); 

641 

642 
fun update_warn msg (p as (key : string, _)) xs = 

643 
(if AList.defined (op =) xs key then warning msg else (); AList.update (op =) p xs); 

644 

645 
fun delete_warn msg (key : string) xs = 

646 
if AList.defined (op =) xs key then AList.delete (op =) key xs 

647 
else (warning msg; xs); 

648 

649 
(*Add/replace a safe wrapper*) 

650 
fun cs addSWrapper new_swrapper = 

651 
map_swrappers (update_warn ("Overwriting safe wrapper " ^ fst new_swrapper) new_swrapper) cs; 

652 

653 
(*Add/replace an unsafe wrapper*) 

654 
fun cs addWrapper new_uwrapper = 

655 
map_uwrappers (update_warn ("Overwriting unsafe wrapper " ^ fst new_uwrapper) new_uwrapper) cs; 

656 

657 
(*Remove a safe wrapper*) 

658 
fun cs delSWrapper name = 

659 
map_swrappers (delete_warn ("No such safe wrapper in claset: " ^ name) name) cs; 

660 

661 
(*Remove an unsafe wrapper*) 

662 
fun cs delWrapper name = 

663 
map_uwrappers (delete_warn ("No such unsafe wrapper in claset: " ^ name) name) cs; 

664 

665 
(* compose a safe tactic alternatively before/after safe_step_tac *) 

666 
fun cs addSbefore (name, tac1) = cs addSWrapper (name, fn _ => fn tac2 => tac1 ORELSE' tac2); 

667 
fun cs addSafter (name, tac2) = cs addSWrapper (name, fn _ => fn tac1 => tac1 ORELSE' tac2); 

668 

669 
(*compose a tactic alternatively before/after the step tactic *) 

670 
fun cs addbefore (name, tac1) = cs addWrapper (name, fn _ => fn tac2 => tac1 APPEND' tac2); 

671 
fun cs addafter (name, tac2) = cs addWrapper (name, fn _ => fn tac1 => tac1 APPEND' tac2); 

672 

46459  673 
fun cs addD2 (name, thm) = cs addafter (name, dtac thm THEN' assume_tac); 
674 
fun cs addE2 (name, thm) = cs addafter (name, etac thm THEN' assume_tac); 

42793  675 
fun cs addSD2 (name, thm) = cs addSafter (name, dmatch_tac [thm] THEN' eq_assume_tac); 
676 
fun cs addSE2 (name, thm) = cs addSafter (name, ematch_tac [thm] THEN' eq_assume_tac); 

677 

1711  678 

982
4fe0b642b7d5
Addition of wrappers for integration with the simplifier.
lcp
parents:
747
diff
changeset

679 

1800  680 
(**** Simple tactics for theorem proving ****) 
0  681 

682 
(*Attack subgoals using safe inferences  matching, not resolution*) 

42793  683 
fun safe_step_tac ctxt = 
684 
let val {safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, ...} = rep_claset_of ctxt in 

685 
appSWrappers ctxt 

686 
(FIRST' 

687 
[eq_assume_tac, 

9938  688 
eq_mp_tac, 
689 
bimatch_from_nets_tac safe0_netpair, 

42792  690 
FIRST' Data.hyp_subst_tacs, 
42793  691 
bimatch_from_nets_tac safep_netpair]) 
692 
end; 

0  693 

5757  694 
(*Repeatedly attack a subgoal using safe inferences  it's deterministic!*) 
42793  695 
fun safe_steps_tac ctxt = 
696 
REPEAT_DETERM1 o (fn i => COND (has_fewer_prems i) no_tac (safe_step_tac ctxt i)); 

5757  697 

0  698 
(*Repeatedly attack subgoals using safe inferences  it's deterministic!*) 
42793  699 
fun safe_tac ctxt = REPEAT_DETERM1 (FIRSTGOAL (safe_steps_tac ctxt)); 
747
bdc066781063
deepen_tac: modified due to outcome of experiments. Its
lcp
parents:
681
diff
changeset

700 

3705
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

701 

76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

702 
(*** Clarify_tac: do safe steps without causing branching ***) 
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

703 

42790  704 
fun nsubgoalsP n (k, brl) = (subgoals_of_brl brl = n); 
3705
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

705 

76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

706 
(*version of bimatch_from_nets_tac that only applies rules that 
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

707 
create precisely n subgoals.*) 
10736  708 
fun n_bimatch_from_nets_tac n = 
42790  709 
biresolution_from_nets_tac (order_list o filter (nsubgoalsP n)) true; 
3705
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

710 

42792  711 
fun eq_contr_tac i = ematch_tac [Data.not_elim] i THEN eq_assume_tac i; 
3705
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

712 
val eq_assume_contr_tac = eq_assume_tac ORELSE' eq_contr_tac; 
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

713 

76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

714 
(*Twoway branching is allowed only if one of the branches immediately closes*) 
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

715 
fun bimatch2_tac netpair i = 
42790  716 
n_bimatch_from_nets_tac 2 netpair i THEN 
717 
(eq_assume_contr_tac i ORELSE eq_assume_contr_tac (i + 1)); 

3705
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

718 

76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

719 
(*Attack subgoals using safe inferences  matching, not resolution*) 
42793  720 
fun clarify_step_tac ctxt = 
721 
let val {safe0_netpair, safep_netpair, ...} = rep_claset_of ctxt in 

722 
appSWrappers ctxt 

723 
(FIRST' 

724 
[eq_assume_contr_tac, 

9938  725 
bimatch_from_nets_tac safe0_netpair, 
42792  726 
FIRST' Data.hyp_subst_tacs, 
9938  727 
n_bimatch_from_nets_tac 1 safep_netpair, 
42793  728 
bimatch2_tac safep_netpair]) 
729 
end; 

3705
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

730 

42793  731 
fun clarify_tac ctxt = SELECT_GOAL (REPEAT_DETERM (clarify_step_tac ctxt 1)); 
3705
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

732 

76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

733 

76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

734 
(*** Unsafe steps instantiate variables or lose information ***) 
76f3b2803982
Addition of clarify_tac, clarify_step_tac, Clarify_tac, Clarify_step_tac
paulson
parents:
3546
diff
changeset

735 

4066  736 
(*Backtracking is allowed among the various these unsafe ways of 
737 
proving a subgoal. *) 

42793  738 
fun inst0_step_tac ctxt = 
32862  739 
assume_tac APPEND' 
740 
contr_tac APPEND' 

42793  741 
biresolve_from_nets_tac (#safe0_netpair (rep_claset_of ctxt)); 
747
bdc066781063
deepen_tac: modified due to outcome of experiments. Its
lcp
parents:
681
diff
changeset

742 

4066  743 
(*These unsafe steps could generate more subgoals.*) 
42793  744 
fun instp_step_tac ctxt = 
745 
biresolve_from_nets_tac (#safep_netpair (rep_claset_of ctxt)); 

0  746 

747 
(*These steps could instantiate variables and are therefore unsafe.*) 

42793  748 
fun inst_step_tac ctxt = inst0_step_tac ctxt APPEND' instp_step_tac ctxt; 
0  749 

42793  750 
fun haz_step_tac ctxt = 
751 
biresolve_from_nets_tac (#haz_netpair (rep_claset_of ctxt)); 

681
9b02474744ca
Provers/classical: now takes theorem "classical" as argument, proves "swap"
lcp
parents:
469
diff
changeset

752 

0  753 
(*Single step for the prover. FAILS unless it makes progress. *) 
42793  754 
fun step_tac ctxt i = 
755 
safe_tac ctxt ORELSE appWrappers ctxt (inst_step_tac ctxt ORELSE' haz_step_tac ctxt) i; 

0  756 

757 
(*Using a "safe" rule to instantiate variables is unsafe. This tactic 

758 
allows backtracking from "safe" rules to "unsafe" rules here.*) 

42793  759 
fun slow_step_tac ctxt i = 
760 
safe_tac ctxt ORELSE appWrappers ctxt (inst_step_tac ctxt APPEND' haz_step_tac ctxt) i; 

0  761 

42791
36f787ae5f70
eliminated weight_ASTAR: int Unsynchronized.ref (astar_tac appears to be obsolete anyway);
wenzelm
parents:
42790
diff
changeset

762 

1800  763 
(**** The following tactics all fail unless they solve one goal ****) 
0  764 

765 
(*Dumb but fast*) 

42793  766 
fun fast_tac ctxt = 
767 
Object_Logic.atomize_prems_tac THEN' SELECT_GOAL (DEPTH_SOLVE (step_tac ctxt 1)); 

0  768 

769 
(*Slower but smarter than fast_tac*) 

42793  770 
fun best_tac ctxt = 
35625  771 
Object_Logic.atomize_prems_tac THEN' 
42793  772 
SELECT_GOAL (BEST_FIRST (has_fewer_prems 1, Data.sizef) (step_tac ctxt 1)); 
0  773 

9402  774 
(*even a bit smarter than best_tac*) 
42793  775 
fun first_best_tac ctxt = 
35625  776 
Object_Logic.atomize_prems_tac THEN' 
42793  777 
SELECT_GOAL (BEST_FIRST (has_fewer_prems 1, Data.sizef) (FIRSTGOAL (step_tac ctxt))); 
9402  778 

42793  779 
fun slow_tac ctxt = 
35625  780 
Object_Logic.atomize_prems_tac THEN' 
42793  781 
SELECT_GOAL (DEPTH_SOLVE (slow_step_tac ctxt 1)); 
0  782 

42793  783 
fun slow_best_tac ctxt = 
35625  784 
Object_Logic.atomize_prems_tac THEN' 
42793  785 
SELECT_GOAL (BEST_FIRST (has_fewer_prems 1, Data.sizef) (slow_step_tac ctxt 1)); 
0  786 

681
9b02474744ca
Provers/classical: now takes theorem "classical" as argument, proves "swap"
lcp
parents:
469
diff
changeset

787 

10736  788 
(***ASTAR with weight weight_ASTAR, by Norbert Voelker*) 
42791
36f787ae5f70
eliminated weight_ASTAR: int Unsynchronized.ref (astar_tac appears to be obsolete anyway);
wenzelm
parents:
42790
diff
changeset

789 

36f787ae5f70
eliminated weight_ASTAR: int Unsynchronized.ref (astar_tac appears to be obsolete anyway);
wenzelm
parents:
42790
diff
changeset

790 
val weight_ASTAR = 5; 
1587
e7d8a4957bac
Now provides astar versions (thanks to Norbert Voelker)
paulson
parents:
1524
diff
changeset

791 

42793  792 
fun astar_tac ctxt = 
35625  793 
Object_Logic.atomize_prems_tac THEN' 
10382
1fb807260ff1
atomize: all automated tactics that "solve" goals;
wenzelm
parents:
10309
diff
changeset

794 
SELECT_GOAL 
42791
36f787ae5f70
eliminated weight_ASTAR: int Unsynchronized.ref (astar_tac appears to be obsolete anyway);
wenzelm
parents:
42790
diff
changeset

795 
(ASTAR (has_fewer_prems 1, fn lev => fn thm => size_of_thm thm + weight_ASTAR * lev) 
42793  796 
(step_tac ctxt 1)); 
1587
e7d8a4957bac
Now provides astar versions (thanks to Norbert Voelker)
paulson
parents:
1524
diff
changeset

797 

42793  798 
fun slow_astar_tac ctxt = 
35625  799 
Object_Logic.atomize_prems_tac THEN' 
10382
1fb807260ff1
atomize: all automated tactics that "solve" goals;
wenzelm
parents:
10309
diff
changeset

800 
SELECT_GOAL 
42791
36f787ae5f70
eliminated weight_ASTAR: int Unsynchronized.ref (astar_tac appears to be obsolete anyway);
wenzelm
parents:
42790
diff
changeset

801 
(ASTAR (has_fewer_prems 1, fn lev => fn thm => size_of_thm thm + weight_ASTAR * lev) 
42793  802 
(slow_step_tac ctxt 1)); 
1587
e7d8a4957bac
Now provides astar versions (thanks to Norbert Voelker)
paulson
parents:
1524
diff
changeset

803 

42790  804 

1800  805 
(**** Complete tactic, loosely based upon LeanTaP. This tactic is the outcome 
747
bdc066781063
deepen_tac: modified due to outcome of experiments. Its
lcp
parents:
681
diff
changeset

806 
of much experimentation! Changing APPEND to ORELSE below would prove 
bdc066781063
deepen_tac: modified due to outcome of experiments. Its
lcp
parents:
681
diff
changeset

807 
easy theorems faster, but loses completeness  and many of the harder 
1800  808 
theorems such as 43. ****) 
681
9b02474744ca
Provers/classical: now takes theorem "classical" as argument, proves "swap"
lcp
parents:
469
diff
changeset

809 

747
bdc066781063
deepen_tac: modified due to outcome of experiments. Its
lcp
parents:
681
diff
changeset

810 
(*Nondeterministic! Could always expand the first unsafe connective. 
bdc066781063
deepen_tac: modified due to outcome of experiments. Its
lcp
parents:
681
diff
changeset

811 
That's hard to implement and did not perform better in experiments, due to 
bdc066781063
deepen_tac: modified due to outcome of experiments. Its
lcp
parents:
681
diff
changeset

812 
greater search depth required.*) 
42793  813 
fun dup_step_tac ctxt = 
814 
biresolve_from_nets_tac (#dup_netpair (rep_claset_of ctxt)); 

681
9b02474744ca
Provers/classical: now takes theorem "classical" as argument, proves "swap"
lcp
parents:
469
diff
changeset

815 

5523  816 
(*Searching to depth m. A variant called nodup_depth_tac appears in clasimp.ML*) 
5757  817 
local 
42793  818 
fun slow_step_tac' ctxt = appWrappers ctxt (instp_step_tac ctxt APPEND' dup_step_tac ctxt); 
42790  819 
in 
42793  820 
fun depth_tac ctxt m i state = SELECT_GOAL 
821 
(safe_steps_tac ctxt 1 THEN_ELSE 

822 
(DEPTH_SOLVE (depth_tac ctxt m 1), 

823 
inst0_step_tac ctxt 1 APPEND COND (K (m = 0)) no_tac 

824 
(slow_step_tac' ctxt 1 THEN DEPTH_SOLVE (depth_tac ctxt (m  1) 1)))) i state; 

5757  825 
end; 
747
bdc066781063
deepen_tac: modified due to outcome of experiments. Its
lcp
parents:
681
diff
changeset

826 

10736  827 
(*Search, with depth bound m. 
2173  828 
This is the "entry point", which does safe inferences first.*) 
42793  829 
fun safe_depth_tac ctxt m = SUBGOAL (fn (prem, i) => 
830 
let 

831 
val deti = (*No Vars in the goal? No need to backtrack between goals.*) 

832 
if exists_subterm (fn Var _ => true  _ => false) prem then DETERM else I; 

42790  833 
in 
42793  834 
SELECT_GOAL (TRY (safe_tac ctxt) THEN DEPTH_SOLVE (deti (depth_tac ctxt m 1))) i 
42790  835 
end); 
681
9b02474744ca
Provers/classical: now takes theorem "classical" as argument, proves "swap"
lcp
parents:
469
diff
changeset

836 

42793  837 
fun deepen_tac ctxt = DEEPEN (2, 10) (safe_depth_tac ctxt); 
24021  838 

839 

5885  840 
(* attributes *) 
841 

42793  842 
fun attrib f = 
843 
Thm.declaration_attribute (fn th => fn context => map_cs (f (SOME context) th) context); 

5885  844 

18691  845 
val safe_elim = attrib o addSE; 
846 
val safe_intro = attrib o addSI; 

42793  847 
val safe_dest = attrib o addSD; 
18691  848 
val haz_elim = attrib o addE; 
849 
val haz_intro = attrib o addI; 

42793  850 
val haz_dest = attrib o addD; 
45375
7fe19930dfc9
more explicit representation of rule_attribute vs. declaration_attribute vs. mixed_attribute;
wenzelm
parents:
42817
diff
changeset

851 

7fe19930dfc9
more explicit representation of rule_attribute vs. declaration_attribute vs. mixed_attribute;
wenzelm
parents:
42817
diff
changeset

852 
val rule_del = 
7fe19930dfc9
more explicit representation of rule_attribute vs. declaration_attribute vs. mixed_attribute;
wenzelm
parents:
42817
diff
changeset

853 
Thm.declaration_attribute (fn th => fn context => 
7fe19930dfc9
more explicit representation of rule_attribute vs. declaration_attribute vs. mixed_attribute;
wenzelm
parents:
42817
diff
changeset

854 
context > map_cs (delrule (SOME context) th) > 
7fe19930dfc9
more explicit representation of rule_attribute vs. declaration_attribute vs. mixed_attribute;
wenzelm
parents:
42817
diff
changeset

855 
Thm.attribute_declaration Context_Rules.rule_del th); 
5885  856 

857 

5841  858 

5885  859 
(** concrete syntax of attributes **) 
5841  860 

861 
val introN = "intro"; 

862 
val elimN = "elim"; 

863 
val destN = "dest"; 

864 

30528  865 
val setup_attrs = 
866 
Attrib.setup @{binding swapped} (Scan.succeed swapped) 

867 
"classical swap of introduction rule" #> 

33369  868 
Attrib.setup @{binding dest} (Context_Rules.add safe_dest haz_dest Context_Rules.dest_query) 
30528  869 
"declaration of Classical destruction rule" #> 
33369  870 
Attrib.setup @{binding elim} (Context_Rules.add safe_elim haz_elim Context_Rules.elim_query) 
30528  871 
"declaration of Classical elimination rule" #> 
33369  872 
Attrib.setup @{binding intro} (Context_Rules.add safe_intro haz_intro Context_Rules.intro_query) 
30528  873 
"declaration of Classical introduction rule" #> 
874 
Attrib.setup @{binding rule} (Scan.lift Args.del >> K rule_del) 

875 
"remove declaration of intro/elim/dest rule"; 

5841  876 

877 

878 

7230  879 
(** proof methods **) 
880 

881 
local 

882 

30609
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

883 
fun some_rule_tac ctxt facts = SUBGOAL (fn (goal, i) => 
5841  884 
let 
33369  885 
val [rules1, rules2, rules4] = Context_Rules.find_rules false facts goal ctxt; 
42793  886 
val {xtra_netpair, ...} = rep_claset_of ctxt; 
33369  887 
val rules3 = Context_Rules.find_rules_netpair true facts goal xtra_netpair; 
12376
480303e3fa08
simplified (and clarified) integration with Pure/ContextRules;
wenzelm
parents:
12362
diff
changeset

888 
val rules = rules1 @ rules2 @ rules3 @ rules4; 
18223  889 
val ruleq = Drule.multi_resolves facts rules; 
12376
480303e3fa08
simplified (and clarified) integration with Pure/ContextRules;
wenzelm
parents:
12362
diff
changeset

890 
in 
480303e3fa08
simplified (and clarified) integration with Pure/ContextRules;
wenzelm
parents:
12362
diff
changeset

891 
Method.trace ctxt rules; 
32952  892 
fn st => Seq.maps (fn rule => Tactic.rtac rule i st) ruleq 
18834  893 
end) 
21687  894 
THEN_ALL_NEW Goal.norm_hhf_tac; 
5841  895 

30609
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

896 
in 
7281  897 

30609
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

898 
fun rule_tac ctxt [] facts = some_rule_tac ctxt facts 
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

899 
 rule_tac _ rules facts = Method.rule_tac rules facts; 
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

900 

983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

901 
fun default_tac ctxt rules facts = 
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

902 
HEADGOAL (rule_tac ctxt rules facts) ORELSE 
26470  903 
Class.default_intro_tac ctxt facts; 
10309  904 

7230  905 
end; 
5841  906 

907 

7230  908 
(* contradiction method *) 
6502  909 

48126  910 
val contradiction = Method.rule [Data.not_elim, Drule.rotate_prems 1 Data.not_elim]; 
6502  911 

912 

913 
(* automatic methods *) 

5841  914 

5927  915 
val cla_modifiers = 
18728  916 
[Args.$$$ destN  Args.bang_colon >> K ((I, safe_dest NONE): Method.modifier), 
917 
Args.$$$ destN  Args.colon >> K (I, haz_dest NONE), 

918 
Args.$$$ elimN  Args.bang_colon >> K (I, safe_elim NONE), 

919 
Args.$$$ elimN  Args.colon >> K (I, haz_elim NONE), 

920 
Args.$$$ introN  Args.bang_colon >> K (I, safe_intro NONE), 

921 
Args.$$$ introN  Args.colon >> K (I, haz_intro NONE), 

922 
Args.del  Args.colon >> K (I, rule_del)]; 

5927  923 

42793  924 
fun cla_method tac = Method.sections cla_modifiers >> K (SIMPLE_METHOD o tac); 
925 
fun cla_method' tac = Method.sections cla_modifiers >> K (SIMPLE_METHOD' o tac); 

5841  926 

927 

928 

929 
(** setup_methods **) 

930 

30541  931 
val setup_methods = 
30609
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

932 
Method.setup @{binding default} 
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

933 
(Attrib.thms >> (fn rules => fn ctxt => METHOD (default_tac ctxt rules))) 
30541  934 
"apply some intro/elim rule (potentially classical)" #> 
30609
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

935 
Method.setup @{binding rule} 
983e8b6e4e69
Disposed old declarations, tactics, tactic combinators that refer to the simpset or claset of an implicit theory;
wenzelm
parents:
30558
diff
changeset

936 
(Attrib.thms >> (fn rules => fn ctxt => METHOD (HEADGOAL o rule_tac ctxt rules))) 
30541  937 
"apply some intro/elim rule (potentially classical)" #> 
938 
Method.setup @{binding contradiction} (Scan.succeed (K contradiction)) 

939 
"proof by contradiction" #> 

940 
Method.setup @{binding clarify} (cla_method' (CHANGED_PROP oo clarify_tac)) 

941 
"repeatedly apply safe steps" #> 

942 
Method.setup @{binding fast} (cla_method' fast_tac) "classical prover (depthfirst)" #> 

943 
Method.setup @{binding slow} (cla_method' slow_tac) "classical prover (slow depthfirst)" #> 

944 
Method.setup @{binding best} (cla_method' best_tac) "classical prover (bestfirst)" #> 

42798  945 
Method.setup @{binding deepen} 
946 
(Scan.lift (Scan.optional Parse.nat 4)  Method.sections cla_modifiers 

947 
>> (fn n => fn ctxt => SIMPLE_METHOD' (deepen_tac ctxt n))) 

30541  948 
"classical prover (iterative deepening)" #> 
949 
Method.setup @{binding safe} (cla_method (CHANGED_PROP o safe_tac)) 

950 
"classical prover (apply safe rules)"; 

5841  951 

952 

953 

954 
(** theory setup **) 

955 

26497
1873915c64a9
purely functional setup of claset/simpset/clasimpset;
wenzelm
parents:
26470
diff
changeset

956 
val setup = setup_attrs #> setup_methods; 
5841  957 

958 

8667  959 

960 
(** outer syntax **) 

961 

24867  962 
val _ = 
46961
5c6955f487e5
outer syntax command definitions based on formal command_spec derived from theory header declarations;
wenzelm
parents:
46874
diff
changeset

963 
Outer_Syntax.improper_command @{command_spec "print_claset"} "print context of Classical Reasoner" 
26497
1873915c64a9
purely functional setup of claset/simpset/clasimpset;
wenzelm
parents:
26470
diff
changeset

964 
(Scan.succeed (Toplevel.no_timing o Toplevel.unknown_context o 
42439
9efdd0af15ac
eliminated Display.string_of_thm_without_context;
wenzelm
parents:
42361
diff
changeset

965 
Toplevel.keep (fn state => 
9efdd0af15ac
eliminated Display.string_of_thm_without_context;
wenzelm
parents:
42361
diff
changeset

966 
let val ctxt = Toplevel.context_of state 
42793  967 
in print_claset ctxt end))); 
8667  968 

5841  969 
end; 